Human Rights

New report exposes Iran's media campaign to demonize Baha'is

In Brief: 
  • Although little-noticed outside, Iran has embarked on a wide-ranging campaign to demonize Bahá’ís in the national media.
  • A new report from the Bahá’í International Community has cataloged more than 400 instances of anti-Bahá’í propaganda over a 16-month period from late 2009 through early 2011.
  • The campaign spurns international human rights law and seeks to brand Bahá’ís as “outsiders” in their own land.

NEW YORK — In a wide-ranging media campaign that has gone largely unnoticed outside of Iran, hatred and discrimination are being systematically stirred up against the country’s 300,000-member Bahá’í minority.

A report released 21 October 2011 by the Bahá’í International Community documents and analyzes more than 400 press and media items over a 16-month period that typify an insidious state-sponsored effort to demonize and vilify Bahá’ís, using false accusations, inflammatory terminology, and repugnant imagery.

“This anti-Bahá’í propaganda is shocking in its volume and vehemence, its scope and sophistication,” said Bani Dugal, Principal Representative of the Bahá’í International Community to the United Nations.

“It’s all cynically calculated to stir up antagonism against a peaceful religious community whose members are striving to contribute to the well-being of their society,” she said.

Titled Inciting Hatred: Iran’s media campaign to demonize Bahá’ís, the report’s main conclusions are:

  • That anti-Bahá’í propaganda originates with — and is sanctioned by — the country’s highest levels of leadership, including Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who gave a highly discriminatory speech in the holy city of Qom in October 2010.

  • That the campaign spurns international human rights law and norms, including a precedent-setting resolution passed in March 2011 at the United Nations Human Rights Council that specifically condemns and combats the negative stereotyping and incitement to hatred of religious minorities.

  • That Bahá’ís are branded as “outsiders” in their own land and as enemies of Islam in a manner that is clearly calculated to provoke the religious sensibilities of Iranian Shiite Muslims.

  • That the campaign aims to deflect attention away from calls for democracy in Iran by using Bahá’ís as an all-purpose “scapegoat” — and, in so doing, to smear those who oppose the government as well as human rights campaigners as Bahá’ís, “as if that were the most heinous crime.”

  • That Iranian authorities disseminate ludicrous conspiracy theories including that foreign broadcasters, in particular the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) and Voice of America (VOA), are controlled by or under the influence of Bahá’ís because they report stories about human rights violations in Iran.

“The diverse content of these attacks demonstrates tremendous effort and commitment of resources by the Islamic Republic,” says the report.

Gross distortions

“Many attacks are built on gross distortions of Bahá’í history; some attempt a strategy of guilt by association through lumping Bahá’ís together with completely unrelated groups — such as ‘Satanists’ or the Shah’s secret police; still others deploy a tactic of connecting Bahá’ís with ‘opponents’ of the regime, which allows the Government to discredit both the Bahá’ís and its opponents in a single transaction. The campaign makes extensive use of the World Wide Web, and often uses graphic images that portray Bahá’ís as fiendish ghouls or agents of Israel.”

Bani Dugal said the demonization of Iran’s Bahá’í community is a matter that deserves the attention of governments, international legal institutions, and fair-minded people everywhere.

“The campaign not only clearly violates international human rights law,” she said, “it also utterly contradicts Iran’s long-standing claim at the UN and elsewhere that it is working to support measures to outlaw or condemn hate speech directed against religions or religious followers.”

“The parallels between the campaign of anti-Bahá’í propaganda in Iran today and other state-sponsored, anti-religious campaigns of the past are undeniable. History shows us that such campaigns are among the foremost predictors of actual violence against religious minorities — or, in the worst case, precursors of genocide,” said Ms. Dugal.

The full report, in both English and Persian, along with an online-only appendix that summarizes each of the 400-plus documents or articles that were collected during the period of this survey, is available at: