Social Development

Empowerment as a means of social transformation is addressed at the UN

In Brief: 
  • At the UN Commission on Social Development, the Bahá’í International Community (BIC) offered contributions focusing on the issue of empowerment, suggesting that traditional concepts that pit one group against another should be discarded.
  • Instead, empowerment should be “approached as a universal and shared enterprise and not something the ‘haves’ bestow on the ‘have nots.’”
  • The Commission’s Chairperson, Sewa Lamsal Adhikari, said empowerment is increasingly seen by the UN as a vital issue in addressing social transformation.

NEW YORK — Concepts of empowerment that pit one group against another should be discarded in favor of a new vision where social transformation is approached as a collective enterprise in which all people are able to participate.

That was among the main themes of a statement issued by the Bahá’í International Community (BIC) to the UN Commission on Social Development at its 51st session in February 2013.

“The impulse to rectify social inequalities is unquestionably noble, but us/them dichotomies only perpetuate and reinforce existing divisions,” said the statement, which was titled “Empowerment as a Mechanism for Social Transformation.”

“Careful thought needs to be given to ways in which empowerment can be approached as a universal and shared enterprise and not something the ‘haves’ bestow on the ‘have nots.’” One way to avoid such extremes is to understand humanity as a single social organism, suggested the statement.

“Implicit in such a conception are characteristics such as the interdependence of the parts and the whole, the indispensability of collaboration, reciprocity and mutual aid, the need to differentiate but also harmonize roles, the need for institutional arrangements that enable rather than oppress, and the existence of a collective purpose above that of any constituent element.”

The statement was among the BIC’s contributions to this year’s Commission, which was held 6-15 February, and took as its priority theme the “empowerment of people” in addressing poverty, social integration, and full and decent employment.

On 7 February, the BIC sponsored a panel discussion on the topic. Among the panelists was the Commission’s Chairperson, Sewa Lamsal Adhikari, who said empowerment is increasingly seen by the UN as a vital issue in addressing social transformation.

“Empowerment of people is at the root of social development,” said Mrs. Adhikari. “It is becoming one of the core elements that underpin efforts towards the achievement of the three core goals of the World Summit for Social Development: poverty eradication, full and productive employment and decent work for all, and social integration.”

“Empowerment of people is at the root of social development. It is becoming one of the core elements that underpin efforts towards the achievement of the three core goals of the World Summit for Social Development: poverty eradication, full and productive employment and decent work for all, and social integration.”

—Sewa Lamsal Adhikari, chair, UN Commission on Social Development

“As such, empowerment is a means towards the ends of social development.” Mrs. Adhikari is Charge d’Affaires of the Permanent Mission of Nepal to the United Nations.

Ming Hwee Chong, a representative of the Bahá’í International Community to the United Nations, suggested that it was no accident that the theme had reached center stage in discussions about social development.

“It is a natural evolution of the development discourse,” said Mr. Chong, who moderated the panel. “It is reflective of what is happening around the world, part of an expanding consciousness of who we are, what our potential is, both individually and collectively, as the human race.”

Other speakers at the 7 February side event — formally titled “Empowerment: Of Whom? By what means? Towards what ends?” — included Rosa Kornfeld Matte, director of the National Service for the Elderly in Chile; Corinne Woods, director of the Millennium Campaign; and Yao Ngoran from the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

“Learning by doing”

A second panel discussion sponsored by the BIC on 8 February, titled “Empowerment in Action,” offered reflections by grassroots development practitioners from Bahá’í-inspired organizations.

Hou Sopheap, executive director of the Cambodian Organization for Research, Development and Education (CORDE), said his organization takes a “learning by doing” approach that aims to build capacity in youth so that they can better serve their communities.

CORDE offers supplementary educational programs to more than 3,000 young people in northwest Cambodia. Among other things, it requires its students engage in acts of service to their home communities in addition to textbook work. “So everything has a component of study and of action,” he said.

Judith Therese Eligio-Martinez, program coordinator for the Bahá’í-inspired agency, Bayan Association in Honduras, likewise said service is at the core of their program, which currently reaches some 6,000 high school age students in 12 of Honduras’s 18 departments.

“It is built upon the belief in the capacity of the individual to make decisions for him or herself, and to help develop the capacities of three major actors (in community development): the individual, the community, and institutions,” said Ms. Eligio-Martinez.

Developed in Colombia by a Bahá’í-inspired organization, FUNDAEC, and known by the acronym SAT, for “Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial” in Spanish, the program trains and coordinates community-based tutors who then offer a high school education appropriate for rural areas.

“We consider SAT to be a creative way of becoming educated, but with its center being the idea of service to humanity and making the world a better place to live, on a local level as much as possible,” said Ms. Eligio-Martinez. “And in this way, we feel we are contributing to empowerment.”

The full BIC statement, Empowerment as a Mechanism for Social Transformation, can be read at: bic.org/statements/empowerment-mechanism-social-transformation

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